Honolulu (Hawaii)

Lat: 19°34′N 155°30′W (Hawaii) 2,831,100ha2 ()  () volcanic tropical north pacific island, Mauna Kea 4205m
Protected/registered status 
Best Time for visit; anytime ()


Birding Site Guide

The Hawaiian Islands though belonging to the USA they are part of the Oceania bio-geographical region. There are eight main Hawaiian islands, seven of which are permanently inhabited. The island of Niʻihau is privately managed by brothers Bruce and Keith Robinson; access is restricted to those who have permission from the island's owners.


Island Nickname Area Highest point Elevation Location

Hawaiʻi The Big Island 10,432.5km2 Mauna Kea 4,205m 19°34′N 155°30′W

Kahoʻolawe The Target Isle 115.5km2 Puʻu Moaulanui 452m 20°33N 156°36W

Kauaʻi The Garden Isle 1,430.5km2 Kawaikini 1,598m 22°05′N 159°30′W

Lānaʻi The Pineapple Isle 363.9 km2 Lānaʻihale 1,026m 20°50′N 156°56′W

Maui The Valley Isle 1,883.4km2 Haleakalā 3,055m 20°48′N 156°20′W

Molokaʻi The Friendly Isle 673.4km2 Kamakou 1,512m 21°08N 157°02W

Niʻihau The Forbidden Isle 180.0 km2 Mount Pānīʻau 381m 21°54N 160°10W

Oʻahu The Gathering Place 1,545.4km2 Mount Kaʻala 1,220m 21°28N 157°59W

Bird Species


Fulvous Whistling Duck Dendrocygna bicolor Rare/Accidental

Ruddy Duck Oxyura jamaicensis Rare/Accidental

Tundra Swan Cygnus columbianus Rare/Accidental

Brent Goose Branta bernicla Rare/Accidental

Cackling Goose Branta hutchinsii Rare/Accidental

Hawaiian Goose Branta sandvicensis Endemic Vulnerable

Canada Goose Branta canadensis Rare/Accidental

Emperor Goose Anser canagicus Rare/Accidental Near-threatened

Snow Goose Anser caerulescens Rare/Accidental

Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons Rare/Accidental

Long-tailed Duck Clangula hyemalis Rare/Accidental Vulnerable

Surf Scoter Melanitta perspicillata Rare/Accidental

Black Scoter Melanitta americana Rare/Accidental Near-threatened

Bufflehead Bucephala albeola Rare/Accidental

Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula Rare/Accidental

Barrow's Goldeneye Bucephala islandica Rare/Accidental

Hooded Merganser Lophodytes cucullatus Rare/Accidental

Goosander Mergus merganser Rare/Accidental

Red-breasted Merganser Mergus serrator Rare/Accidental

Harlequin Duck Histrionicus histrionicus Rare/Accidental

Common Pochard Aythya ferina Rare/Accidental

Canvasback Aythya valisineria Rare/Accidental

Redhead Aythya americana Rare/Accidental

Ring-necked Duck Aythya collaris

Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula Rare/Accidental

Greater Scaup Aythya marila Rare/Accidental

Lesser Scaup Aythya affinis

Garganey Spatula querquedula Rare/Accidental

Northern Shoveler Spatula clypeata

Cinnamon Teal Spatula cyanoptera Rare/Accidental

Blue-winged Teal Spatula discors

Baikal Teal Sibirionetta formosa Rare/Accidental

Falcated Duck Mareca falcata Rare/Accidental Near-threatened

Gadwall Mareca strepera Rare/Accidental

Eurasian Wigeon Mareca penelope Rare/Accidental

American Wigeon Mareca americana

Laysan Duck Anas laysanensis Endemic Critically endangered

Mallard Anas platyrhynchos Introduced species

Hawaiian Duck Anas wyvilliana Endemic Endangered

Northern Pintail Anas acuta

Common Teal Anas crecca

GALLIFORMES: Odontophoridae

California Quail Callipepla californica Introduced species

Gambel's Quail Callipepla gambelii Introduced species

GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Indian Peafowl Pavo cristatus Introduced species

Japanese Quail Coturnix japonica Introduced species Near-threatened

Chukar Partridge Alectoris chukar Introduced species

Erckel's Francolin Pternistis erckelii Introduced species

Black Francolin Francolinus francolinus Introduced species

Grey Francolin Francolinus pondicerianus Introduced species

Chinese Bamboo Partridge Bambusicola thoracicus Extirpated

Red Junglefowl Gallus gallus Introduced species

Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicus Introduced species

Green Pheasant Phasianus versicolor Introduced species

Kalij Pheasant Lophura leucomelanos Introduced species

Silver Pheasant Lophura nycthemera Extirpated

Wild Turkey Meleagris gallopavo Introduced species


Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps Rare/Accidental

Red-necked Grebe Podiceps grisegena Rare/Accidental

Slavonian Grebe Podiceps auritus Rare/Accidental

Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis Rare/Accidental


Rock Dove Columba livia Introduced species

Spotted-necked Dove Streptopelia chinensis Introduced species

Mourning Dove Zenaida macroura Introduced species

Zebra Dove Geopelia striata Introduced species


Chestnut-bellied Sandgrouse Pterocles exustus Introduced species


Red-billed Tropicbird Phaethon aethereus Rare/Accidental

Red-tailed Tropicbird Phaethon rubricauda

White-tailed Tropicbird Phaethon lepturus


Common Nighthawk Chordeiles minor Rare/Accidental


Mariana Swiftlet Aerodramus bartschi Introduced species Endangered

Fork-tailed Swift Apus pacificus Rare/Accidental


Yellow-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus americanus Rare/Accidental

Common Cuckoo Cuculus canorus Rare/Accidental


Sora Porzana carolina Rare/Accidental

Laysan Rail Zapornia palmeri Endemic Extinct

Hawaiian Rail Zapornia sandwichensis Endemic Extinct

Common Gallinule Gallinula galeata

Hawaiian Coot Fulica alai Endemic Vulnerable

American Coot Fulica americana Rare/Accidental


Sandhill Crane Antigone canadensis Rare/Accidental


Pacific Loon Gavia pacifica Rare/Accidental


Wilson's Storm-petrel Oceanites oceanicus Rare/Accidental


Laysan Albatross Phoebastria immutabilis Near-threatened

Black-footed Albatross Phoebastria nigripes Near-threatened

Short-tailed Albatross Phoebastria albatrus Vulnerable


Madeiran Storm-petrel Hydrobates castro

Leach's Storm-petrel Hydrobates leucorhous

Tristram's Storm-petrel Hydrobates tristrami Near-threatened

Fork-tailed Storm-petrel Hydrobates furcatus Rare/Accidental


Northern Fulmar Fulmarus glacialis Rare/Accidental

Stejneger's Petrel Pterodroma longirostris Rare/Accidental Vulnerable

Cook's Petrel Pterodroma cookii Rare/Accidental Vulnerable

Bonin Petrel Pterodroma hypoleuca

Black-winged Petrel Pterodroma nigripennis Rare/Accidental

Murphy's Petrel Pterodroma ultima Rare/Accidental Near-threatened

Kermadec Petrel Pterodroma neglecta Rare/Accidental

Herald Petrel Pterodroma arminjoniana Rare/Accidental

Mottled Petrel Pterodroma inexpectata Near-threatened

Hawaiian Petrel Pterodroma sandwichensis Breeding endemic Vulnerable

White-necked Petrel Pterodroma cervicalis Rare/Accidental Vulnerable

Juan Fernandez Petrel Pterodroma externa Vulnerable

Wedge-tailed Shearwater Ardenna pacifica

Buller's Shearwater Ardenna bulleri Rare/Accidental Vulnerable

Short-tailed Shearwater Ardenna tenuirostris Rare/Accidental

Sooty Shearwater Ardenna grisea Near-threatened

Flesh-footed Shearwater Ardenna carneipes Rare/Accidental

Streaked Shearwater Calonectris leucomelas Rare/Accidental

Christmas Shearwater Puffinus nativitatis

Bryan's Shearwater Puffinus bryani Rare/Accidental Critically endangered

Townsend's Shearwater Puffinus auricularis

Bulwer's Petrel Bulweria bulwerii

Jouanin's Petrel Bulweria fallax Rare/Accidental Near-threatened


American Bittern Botaurus lentiginosus Rare/Accidental

Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax

Green Heron Butorides virescens Rare/Accidental

Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis Introduced species

Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias Rare/Accidental

Great Egret Ardea alba Rare/Accidental

Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea Rare/Accidental

Snowy Egret Egretta thula Rare/Accidental

PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

White-faced Ibis Plegadis chihi Rare/Accidental


Lesser Frigatebird Fregata ariel Rare/Accidental

Great Frigatebird Fregata minor


Red-footed Booby Sula sula

Brown Booby Sula leucogaster

Masked Booby Sula dactylatra

Nazca Booby Sula granti Rare/Accidental

PELECANIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Pelagic Cormorant Phalacrocorax pelagicus Rare/Accidental

CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

American Avocet Recurvirostra americana Rare/Accidental

Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus


Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola

Pacific Golden Plover Pluvialis fulva

Eurasian Dotterel Eudromias morinellus Rare/Accidental

Common Ringed Plover Charadrius hiaticula Rare/Accidental

Semipalmated Plover Charadrius semipalmatus Rare/Accidental

Killdeer Charadrius vociferus Rare/Accidental

Lesser Sand Plover Charadrius mongolus Rare/Accidental


Bristle-thighed Curlew Numenius tahitiensis Vulnerable

Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus Rare/Accidental

Far Eastern Curlew Numenius madagascariensis Rare/Accidental Vulnerable

Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica Rare/Accidental

Marbled Godwit Limosa fedoa Rare/Accidental

Hudsonian Godwit Limosa haemastica Rare/Accidental

Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa Rare/Accidental Near-threatened

Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres

Red Knot Calidris canutus Rare/Accidental

Surfbird Calidris virgata Rare/Accidental

Ruff Calidris pugnax Rare/Accidental

Sharp-tailed Sandpiper Calidris acuminata

Stilt Sandpiper Calidris himantopus Rare/Accidental

Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea Rare/Accidental

Long-toed Stint Calidris subminuta Rare/Accidental

Red-necked Stint Calidris ruficollis Rare/Accidental

Sanderling Calidris alba

Dunlin Calidris alpina

Baird's Sandpiper Calidris bairdii Rare/Accidental

Little Stint Calidris minuta Rare/Accidental

Least Sandpiper Calidris minutilla Rare/Accidental

White-rumped Sandpiper Calidris fuscicollis Rare/Accidental

Buff-breasted Sandpiper Calidris subruficollis Rare/Accidental Near-threatened

Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos

Semipalmated Sandpiper Calidris pusilla Rare/Accidental Near-threatened

Western Sandpiper Calidris mauri Rare/Accidental

Short-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus griseus Rare/Accidental

Long-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus scolopaceus

Pintail Snipe Gallinago stenura Rare/Accidental

Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago Rare/Accidental

Wilson's Snipe Gallinago delicata

Terek Sandpiper Xenus cinereus Rare/Accidental

Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos Rare/Accidental

Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularius Rare/Accidental

Solitary Sandpiper Tringa solitaria Rare/Accidental

Grey-tailed Tattler Tringa brevipes Rare/Accidental Near-threatened

Wandering Tattler Tringa incana

Willet Tringa semipalmata Rare/Accidental

Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes

Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus Rare/Accidental

Greater Yellowlegs Tringa melanoleuca Rare/Accidental

Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola Rare/Accidental

Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis Rare/Accidental

Wilson's Phalarope Steganopus tricolor Rare/Accidental

Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus Rare/Accidental

Grey Phalarope Phalaropus fulicarius Rare/Accidental


Tufted Puffin Fratercula cirrhata Rare/Accidental

Horned Puffin Fratercula corniculata Rare/Accidental

Cassin's Auklet Ptychoramphus aleuticus Rare/Accidental

Parakeet Auklet Aethia psittacula Rare/Accidental

Ancient Murrelet Synthliboramphus antiquus Rare/Accidental


Long-tailed Skua Stercorarius longicaudus Rare/Accidental

Arctic Skua Stercorarius parasiticus Rare/Accidental

Pomarine Skua Stercorarius pomarinus

South Polar Skua Stercorarius maccormicki Rare/Accidental


Brown Noddy Anous stolidus

Black Noddy Anous minutus

Blue Noddy Procelsterna cerulea

Atoll Tern Gygis alba

Black-legged Kittiwake Rissa tridactyla Rare/Accidental

Bonaparte's Gull Chroicocephalus philadelphia Rare/Accidental

Black-headed Gull Chroicocephalus ridibundus Rare/Accidental

Laughing Gull Leucophaeus atricilla

Franklin's Gull Leucophaeus pipixcan Rare/Accidental

Mew Gull Larus canus Rare/Accidental

Ring-billed Gull Larus delawarensis

California Gull Larus californicus Rare/Accidental

Western Gull Larus occidentalis Rare/Accidental

American Herring Gull Larus smithsonianus Rare/Accidental

Slaty-backed Gull Larus schistisagus Rare/Accidental

Glaucous-winged Gull Larus glaucescens

Glaucous Gull Larus hyperboreus Rare/Accidental

Sooty Tern Onychoprion fuscatus

Grey-backed Tern Onychoprion lunatus

Little Tern Sternula albifrons Rare/Accidental

Least Tern Sternula antillarum

Gull-billed Tern Gelochelidon nilotica Rare/Accidental

Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia Rare/Accidental

Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida Rare/Accidental

White-winged Tern Chlidonias leucopterus Rare/Accidental

Black Tern Chlidonias niger Rare/Accidental

Common Tern Sterna hirundo Rare/Accidental

Arctic Tern Sterna paradisaea Rare/Accidental

Elegant Tern Thalasseus elegans Rare/Accidental Near-threatened

Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensis Rare/Accidental

Greater Crested Tern Thalasseus bergii Rare/Accidental


Osprey Pandion haliaetus Rare/Accidental


Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos Rare/Accidental

Hen Harrier Circus cyaneus Rare/Accidental

Chinese Sparrowhawk Accipiter soloensis Rare/Accidental

White-tailed Sea Eagle Haliaeetus albicilla Rare/Accidental

Steller's Sea Eagle Haliaeetus pelagicus Rare/Accidental Vulnerable

Black Kite Milvus migrans Rare/Accidental

Hawaiian Hawk Buteo solitarius Endemic Near-threatened

Rough-legged Buzzard Buteo lagopus Rare/Accidental


Common Barn Owl Tyto alba Introduced species


Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus

Snowy Owl Bubo scandiacus Rare/Accidental


Belted Kingfisher Megaceryle alcyon Rare/Accidental


Merlin Falco columbarius Rare/Accidental

Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus


Red-crowned Parrot Amazona viridigenalis Introduced species Endangered

Burrowing Parakeet Cyanoliseus patagonus Introduced species (non-established)

Mitred Parakeet Psittacara mitratus Introduced species

Red-masked Parakeet Psittacara erythrogenys Introduced species Near-threatened


Rose-ringed Parakeet Psittacula krameri Introduced species

Pale-headed Rosella Platycercus adscitus Introduced species (non established)


Hawaiian Crow Corvus hawaiiensis Endemic Extinct in the wild

Common Raven Corvus corax Rare/Accidental


Kauai Elepaio Chasiempis sclateri Endemic Vulnerable

Oahu Elepaio Chasiempis ibidis Endemic Endangered

Hawaii Elepaio Chasiempis sandwichensis Endemic Vulnerable


Red-cheeked Cordon-bleu Uraeginthus bengalus Introduced species

Lavender Waxbill Estrilda caerulescens Introduced species

Orange-cheeked Waxbill Estrilda melpoda Introduced species

Black-rumped Waxbill Estrilda troglodytes Introduced species

Common Waxbill Estrilda astrild Introduced species

Red Avadavat Amandava amandava Introduced species

African Silverbill Euodice cantans Introduced species

Scaly-breasted Munia Lonchura punctulata Introduced species

Black-headed Munia Lonchura malacca Introduced species

Java Sparrow Lonchura oryzivora Introduced species Vulnerable


House Sparrow Passer domesticus Introduced species


Olive-backed Pipit Anthus hodgsoni Rare/Accidental

Red-throated Pipit Anthus cervinus Rare/Accidental

American Pipit Anthus rubescens Rare/Accidental


Brambling Fringilla montifringilla Rare/Accidental

Poo-uli Melamprosops phaeosoma Endemic Critically endangered

Oahu Alauahio Paroreomyza maculata Endemic Critically endangered

Kakawahie Paroreomyza flammea Endemic Extinct

Maui Alauahio Paroreomyza montana Endemic Endangered

Lanai Hookbill Dysmorodrepanis munroi Endemic Extinct

Lesser Koa Finch Rhodacanthis flaviceps Endemic Extinct

Greater Koa Finch Rhodacanthis palmeri Endemic Extinct

Kona Grosbeak Chloridops kona Endemic Extinct

Laysan Finch Telespiza cantans Endemic Vulnerable

Nihoa Finch Telespiza ultima Endemic Critically endangered

Palila Loxioides bailleui Endemic Critically endangered

Ou Psittirostra psittacea Endemic Critically endangered

Akikiki Oreomystis bairdi Endemic Critically endangered

Anianiau Magumma parva Endemic Vulnerable

Akekee Loxops caeruleirostris Endemic Critically endangered

Hawaii Akepa Loxops coccineus Endemic

Maui Akepa Loxops ochraceus Endemic

Oahu Akepa Loxops wolstenholmei Endemic

Hawaii Creeper Manucerthia mana Endemic Endangered

Hawaii Amakihi Chlorodrepanis virens Endemic

Oahu Amakihi Chlorodrepanis flava Endemic Vulnerable

Kauai Amakihi Chlorodrepanis stejnegeri Endemic Vulnerable

Oahu Nukupuu Hemignathus lucidus Endemic

Kauai Nukupuu Hemignathus hanapepe Endemic

Maui Nukupuu Hemignathus affinis Endemic

Akiapolaau Hemignathus wilsoni Endemic Endangered

Greater Amakihi Viridonia sagittirostris Endemic Extinct

Lesser Akialoa Akialoa obscura Endemic Extinct

Oahu Akialoa Akialoa ellisiana Endemic

Lanai Akialoa Akialoa lanaiensis Endemic

Kauai Akialoa Akialoa stejnegeri Endemic

Maui Parrotbill Pseudonestor xanthophrys Endemic Critically endangered

Iiwi Vestiaria coccinea Endemic Vulnerable

Apapane Himatione sanguinea Endemic

Laysan Honeycreeper Himatione fraithii Endemic

Akohekohe Palmeria dolei Endemic Critically endangered

Ula-ai-hawane Ciridops anna Endemic Extinct

Hawaii Mamo Drepanis pacifica Endemic Extinct

Black Mamo Drepanis funerea Endemic Extinct

House Finch Haemorhous mexicanus Introduced species

Yellow-fronted Canary Crithagra mozambica Introduced species

Common Redpoll Acanthis flammea Rare/Accidental

European Serin Serinus serinus Introduced species


Snow Bunting Plectrophenax nivalis Rare/Accidental

PASSERIFORMES: Passerellidae

Savannah Sparrow Passerculus sandwichensis Rare/Accidental


Eastern Meadowlark Sturnella magna Introduced species

Western Meadowlark Sturnella neglecta Introduced species

Great-tailed Grackle Quiscalus mexicanus Rare/Accidental


Northern Cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis Introduced species


Saffron Finch Sicalis flaveola Introduced species

Yellow-faced Grassquit Tiaris olivaceus Introduced species

Red-crested Cardinal Paroaria coronata Introduced species

Yellow-billed Cardinal Paroaria capitata Introduced species


Eurasian Sky Lark Alauda arvensis Introduced species

PASSERIFORMES: Acrocephalidae

Millerbird Acrocephalus familiaris Endemic Critically endangered


Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica Rare/Accidental


Red-whiskered Bulbul Pycnonotus jocosus Introduced species

Red-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus cafer Introduced species

PASSERIFORMES: Scotocercidae

Japanese Bush Warbler Horornis diphone Introduced species


Japanese White-eye Zosterops japonicus Introduced species

PASSERIFORMES: Leiothrichidae

Melodious Laughing-thrush Garrulax canorus Introduced species

Greater Necklaced Laughing-thrush Garrulax pectoralis Introduced species

Grey-sided Laughing-thrush Garrulax caerulatus Extirpated

Red-billed Leiothrix Leiothrix lutea Introduced species


Kauai O-o Moho braccatus Endemic Extinct

Oahu O-o Moho apicalis Endemic Extinct

Bishop's O-o Moho bishopi Endemic Extinct

Hawaii O-o Moho nobilis Endemic Extinct

Kioea Chaetoptila angustipluma Endemic Extinct


Northern Mockingbird Mimus polyglottos Introduced species


Common Starling Sturnus vulgaris Introduced species

Common Myna Acridotheres tristis Introduced species


White-rumped Shama Kittacincla malabarica Introduced species


Kamao Myadestes myadestinus Endemic Extinct

Olomao Myadestes lanaiensis

Omao Myadestes obscurus Endemic Vulnerable

Puaiohi Myadestes palmeri Endemic Critically endangered

Eyebrowed Thrush Turdus obscurus Rare/Accidental



Endemic Species


Other Fauna


Hawaiian Hoary Bat or ʻōpeʻapeʻa Lasiurus semotus is the only native land mammal, with native sea mammals being

Hawaiian Monk Seal Monachus schauinslandi

Northern Elephant Seal Mirounga angustirostris

Blainville's Beaked Whale Mesoplodon densirostris

Blue Whale Balaenoptera musculus

Bottlenose Dolphin Tursiops truncatus

Common Minke Whale Balaenoptera acutorostrata Northwestern Hawaiian Islands

Cuvier's Beaked Whale Ziphius cavirostris

Dwarf Sperm Whale Kogia sima

Eden's Whale Balaenoptera edeni Northwestern Hawaiian Islands

False Killer Whale Pseudorca crassidens

Fin Whale Balaenoptera physalus

Grampus, Risso's Dolphin Grampus griseus

Humpback Whale Megaptera novaeangliae

Killer Whale Orcinus orca

Melon-headed Whale Peponocephala electra

North Atlantic Right Whale Eubalaena glacialis

Pantropical Spotted Dolphin Stenella attenuata

Pygmy Killer Whale Feresa attenuata

Pygmy Sperm Whale Kogia breviceps

Rough-toothed Dolphin Steno bredanensis

Short-finned Pilot Whale Globicephala macrorhynchus

Sperm Whale Physeter macrocephalus

Spinner Dolphin Stenella longirostris

Striped Dolphin Stenella coeruleoalba


Reptiles and amphibians (7 frogs, 20 lizards (including 2 non-native chameleons), 6 snakes and 9 turtles) can be found with photos here

Herps in Hawaii (Reptiles & Amphibians)


There are many fishes and some are native, endemic.

Fish: freshwater and marine


There are about 80 species of native plants of which 89% are endemic.

Native plants


Extinct species

There is a long list of extinct species including birds for the Hawaiian Islands, this list covers all Oceania.

Extinct species of Oceania

Author: BSG




State of Hawaiʻi

Division of Aquatic Resources

Herps in Hawaii (Reptiles & Amphibians)